Monday, 21 June 2021

The Hybrid Incandescent/Discharge Lamp



Q and A  A Discussion - Researchment, Questions and Expectations

Depiction of Hybrid Incandescent/Discharge Lamp
- ED28/90; ED37/120 Bulb-size - 

Q - What is it intended to be, how to look like?
A - Consider it roughly as in the depiction above.

Q - At first glance, as in the previous similar cases in discussion, it seems to show all the main component parts of a HID mercury lamp: arc-tube, frame, outer bulb, stem, screw-cap. Isn't it?
A - But only at the very first! If you look it a bit more attentive, you find something else...

Q - Yes! Is it the arc-tube that looks like a linear halogen lamp?
A - Well, isn't?!...

Q - Then?
A - You guess it!... The incandescent filament is in the midst of the arc tube, from one end to the other.

Q - So, to what is it related at most? Is it to the halogen lamp or rather to the discharge lamp?
A - Consider it related to both of them. It is a hybrid lamp. The discussion will make relevant to which one is it related at most, or to what extent of any of them...

More content to come...

Related posts:

The Halogen Hybrid Incandescent/HID Lamp



Wednesday, 31 March 2021

Untitled Post

Outdoor Light Therapy  Colored Lamps  Red, Pink, Blue, Green and Golden Light  Rainbow Lights 

A Possible Discussion  Questions and Expectations


Image only for illustration and educative purposes

Monday, 8 March 2021

The Neon Medium/High Pressure Arc-discharge Lamp



Q and A  A Discussion - Researchment, Questions and Expectations

Depiction of supposed ED28/ED90 HID Neon Lamps

Q - What is it intended to be, how to look like?
A - Consider it as the HID counterpart of the neon signs filled with neon, in the way as the Ar-Hg HID lamp is that counterpart of the neon-signs filled with Ar-Hg. 
Or, the HID version for neon, from the point of view of what means the HID mercury lamp.

Q - Was ever manufactured a similar lamp?
A - Not in a commercial form. But, as we know, long-time ago, there were some studies about, and some attempts to develop a compact HID neon lamp of this kind, with a higher lm/W red light, than so as were at that time the cold cathode neon beacon lights. But we do not have any papers from that time, nor would you find some satisfactory now.
 But you have instead a newer patent paper on this concern, that is really interesting. Here it is:

Q - Why do you think that development not continued?
A - Don't know anything more about, but supposedly problems with electrodes and arc tube erosion. Or, anything else.

Q - And now? Are there greater chances of success?
A - From a commercial perspective, not. You have now red LEDs, and you can achieve, if you want, ED28/ED90 (clear or diffusing) filament LEDs of red color, with even up to ten times more lm/W. (But for beacon red lights you need an amount of IR emission too, beside of the visible light output).

Q - Again the questions, as in previous cases.
 Do you consider a researchment of all components from scratch, or do you rather consider to put together components that are already 'on market'?
A - Again, as long as it is intended to be a lamp for limited purposes, the intention is to put together as possible what is already at disposal.

Q - So, what do you need to put together in order to achieve the desired lamp?
A - The same, all the main component parts of a HID mercury lamp; - arc-tube, frame, outer bulb, stem, screw-cap:

Q - What about the arc-tube? What is the preferred range of power for the desired lamps?
A - Let consider it around 250W, at least for the research case. 

Q - No more or less, but only 250W?
A - Yes. Concerning the low lm/W of expected neon discharge, the 250W might be considered not too much, but also enough high for, let say a 15-20lm/W, for a reliable output.
However, the arc tube needs to be made of alumina silicate hard glass instead of quartz glass.

Q - So, what rate of success do you expect in development of the under discussion lamp, or do you expect a reliable success of the experiment?
A - Ask please rather, what problems do you expect or do you have to overcome (because there are, believe!), before to discuss about the success into achieving a lamp that is similar with the incandescent one in its lm/W output.

Q - Yes! Then, why the entire discussion about this experiment? Or, is it somehow also the case of the N2 and CO2 lamps, discussed in a previous post? 
Is it, let's say: - For the seek of the red light, and the idea itself, and also for the seek of research and portfolio of discharge lamps as a whole.
A - Hmm!... You guess it already...

Q - OK! but in that previous post you mean that: - You have now at disposal the dielectric barrier discharge lamp in a more advanced stage of development, so you can use it from start, in case of gases that are not 'noble'. But why do you not use it also for neon discharge, if there are or might be so big problems using a common HID lamp?
A - It leads very likely into excimer formation, so you get an excimer lamp, rather than a simple gas discharge lamp. And, yes! You have already neon excimer lamps, but as a source of far UV (VUV), not as one of red light.

Q - In earlier posts you speak about the neon-mercury HID lamp. Is this somehow a similar HID lamp as the well known mercury lamp, but filled with neon beside the mercury, instead of argon?
A - No! Or it might be only, but only, in its appearance, not as functionality. What we mean by the neon-mercury HID lamp is a lamp in which the main discharge remains in neon.
 - If you build a HID lamp with neon and mercury (similar to the mercury lamp with argon), after the warm up of the lamp, the mercury discharge will take over entirely the discharge process. It will simply keep out the neon gas to be longer involved in the discharge, instead keeping the neon only as a buffer gas. And this might be the case of 100 to 1, neon to mercury amounts, in pressure units of the hot lamp, or even more.

Q - And?!...
 A - Briefly, what have you to do is to rise up the difference, as much more neon and much less mercury, or to 'deplete' the mercury in the discharge process. And, in the case of medium or high pressure discharge,... anything but easy might it be...

Q - So, which one do you consider?
A - The first one, of course. The more, as long as you don't look to achieve a constant color or a constant lumen output.

Q - And, in what difference of neon and mercury pressure?
A - Again, only the research will answer, but,... as a speculation,... an 1000 to 1 would not be a surprise.

Q - In a previous post
you speak about a 'medium pressure neon-mercury discharge lamp', and that: It's main light spectrum is expected to come out from the discharge itself, and will be a reddish based spectrum. Let's say from light cyclamen to violet red, depending of the balance between neon and mercury (in discharge terms, not in 'weights').
How do you expect the spectrum depending on neon and mercury pressures? When cyclamen and when violet-red?
A - This is the desire, the goal of the experiment with neon-mercury HID lamp. In any way, it seems more easy for light cyclam, and more difficult for violet-red.

Q - Why so?
A - If you bring more blue and violet wavelength into the neon discharge, you will most likely get different nuances of cyclam or pink. It's about mixing wavelengths. In the plasma the wavelengths will 'mix'. But this is another subject. The violet-red will rather come out from the pure neon discharge with a violet glass, as a rough speculation. But with an efficiency that for sure will you consider inconvenient.

Q - Are the desired lamps expected to start directly, or would it be necessary a high voltage pulse.
A - Let's say, directly, at the supply voltage (of 220/230V) in case of internal starting electrode (and reactor ballast).

more content to come...

Tuesday, 22 December 2020

The White, Pink, Blue, and Golden Light Bulb


Q and A - A scientifically based discussion

Depiction of  ED28/ED90 'Filament-LED' Bulb

Q What is it intended to be, how to look like?
A - It is proposed to come in a form of a 'filament LED' bulb of ED23,5, ED90 or ED120 shape, possible with a number of 8 LED-filaments, 2 for each color, in a light color sequence of WHITE, PINK, BLUE and GOLDEN.

Q - So, is it similar to what is known as a filament-LED bulb in the nowadays state of art?
A - Yes, it is really a 'filament LED' bulb, but with the 'filaments' emitting light of different colors, each one, as described.

Q - If so, is it achievable as 'tomorrow', or 'next week', or 'next month'? Or does it need some particular research?
A - Yes, in principle it might be achieved. It depends however on what you have 'at disposal'.

Q - OK! If so, then let's see how can we get it. There were also comments on the 2012portal on this subject. So, how can the readers of the awakening communities have some of this lamps for their home or backyard?
A - We will find it together.
– The light color  sequence of White, Pink, Blue, and Golden, is with that of same color being on the opposing points of the 2 frames on which the LED-filaments, in number of 8, are positioned.

Tuesday, 17 November 2020



Q and A - A discussion, - subjects from this blog, - esoterics

NOTICE! This post is NOT scientifically documented, consider it for LEISURE only.

Q - We find many times in this blog that something is related to esoterics or esoteric purposes. Can you give more details, can we go into much more details, to have a better understanding what do you mean in this way?

A - Yes, we can! But, let's not go in deep details in this post. Better in another post may we go in details for each particular subject, as case might be.

Q - There were even on the 2012portal some comments about something like lampposts for esoterics or contact zones, or so. What are this?

A - Not the lamppost itself, but rather the lighting fixture, the luminaire, might be considered in this way. As an example, try to consider a post-top lighting unit/fixture with a large lampshade.

Q - OK! Is the case of this one:

A - It may be, it is the first one which's blue-prints are posted on this blog. But, let's give a look to this one, and, yes, considering that the inside having the same componence of that above mentioned.

Q - Yes! But it's still a common lighting fixture for outdoor general lighting, isn't it?

A - You are right! In this form it is, or might be so, thus it depends on what you put inside. The large volume of the lampshade allows you anything. So, let's go to the post, and look at the geometry patterns there.

Q - But, what have in common the lighting fixture with the geometry pattern? 

A - As pieces apart they have nothing, but they will have if you put them together. So, you have to put  inside of the (lampshade) lighting unit a cage (made by copper, or else) in the form of the desired geometry pattern, with the bulb positioned as in the image on right.

– In the same way we invite you to take into consideration the effect of insetting  any kind of sacred geometry pattern (made by copper or else) in our proposed large size outdoor light units (surrounding the bulb, inside the lampshade).

– These outdoor lighting units are suitable to be placed around the buildings housing the tachyon healing chambers to attract more higher dimensional energy… As case may be, colored high power existing discharge lamps may be used.

Q - And another kind of usage for what you call 'esoterics'?

A - Imagine the effect of one or more outdoor post-top lighting units (as above, or smaller) which might be also installed around the Thachyon Chamber buildings, with each lighting unit having inside the lampshade a mandala of 12 light tubes, (circled around, inside the lampshade), with the colors of 'The 12 Roses' (thus there are described only 9): White Rose, Yellow Rose, Amber Rose, Green Rose, Blue Rose, Lavender Rose, Red Rose, Orange Rose, and Black Rose, to attract more higher dimensional energy…

 more content to come...

Thursday, 22 October 2020

Rare Gases HID Lamps


Q and A - Researchment, Questions and Expectations

Q - Let's start from here: In a previous post you claim that you have only the Xenon, as a pure rare gas for high intensity discharges, for lighting. And you have here and there some Krypton arc-lamps, but not for lighting. Do you have to add something more?
A - Yes, that is! But we refer not to what is known as short-arc lamps or flash lamps. We will discuss about lamps that are not short-arc, nor what is named as 'long-arc' lamps.

Q - Can you tell more about what you find as 'long-arc' lamps?
A - There are commonly named so lamps that are also of high intensity discharge of high power, of KW.

Q - And the arc tubes of the lamps shown in the depiction, what kind of arc length are?
A - We named them as medium-arc, only to make a distinction from that one of long or short arc, thus you find it not as a category. Consider them arc tubes of xenon flash lamps adapted for the experiment.

Q - And, will these flash lamp tubes work in a continuous mode, instead of flashing?
A - You need to achieve a stable arc discharge. If there is, you might have surprises with overheating. You need either to underdrive them, but maintaining arc stability, or to use large outer bulbs and a heat conductive gas that also prevents arcing. But, that's the research, that's the experiment, that is when you question...

 content to come...